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The most populous country: India will be at the forefront! India’s population will surpass that of China next year, with the world’s population expected to reach 8 billion in November

Washington: On the occasion of World Population Day, the United Nations on Monday said that the world’s population is expected to reach 8 billion on November 15 and India is projected to overtake China as the most populous country in 2023. “This is a reminder of our shared responsibility to take care of our planet and a moment to reflect on how far we still fall short of our commitments to each other,” said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

According to the World Population Prospect 2022, the growth rate has been the lowest since 1950, falling to less than 1 percent in 2020. The world population is expected to grow to 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050 and approximately 10.4 billion in 2080, and sub-Saharan Africa is expected to contribute more than half by 2050, the report said. The projected growth by 2050 will be concentrated in eight countries. These countries are Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines and Tanzania.
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What are the disadvantages of population growth?
Liu Jenmin, the UN Additional Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, said: “Rapid population growth makes poverty alleviation, hunger and malnutrition more difficult, and coverage of health and education systems more difficult. Achieving sustainable development goals, particularly those related to health, education and gender equality, will contribute to lowering fertility levels and slowing global population growth.

The population of 61 countries may decrease
Many countries have seen a sharp decline in fertility in recent decades, the report said, adding that two-thirds of the world’s population today lives in a country or region with a lifetime fertility rate of 2.1 per woman, which is about Required level for zero. The increase states that the population of 61 countries or territories is projected to decline by 1 percent or more between 2022 and 2050, due to persistently low levels of fertility and, in some cases, high migration rates.

The number of seniors will increase in 2050
It said the share of the world’s population aged 65 and over is projected to increase from 10 per cent in 2022 to 16 per cent in 2050. “Countries with aging populations should take steps to adapt public programs to the growing proportion of the elderly, including improving the stability of social security and pension systems and establishing global health care and long-term care systems,” the report said. “

The average global longevity is estimated at 77.2
The average global longevity is projected to be around 77.2 years in 2050, with a further reduction in mortality, as in 2019 the global life expectancy is 72.8 years. It has improved in almost nine years since 1990. However, due to the Kovid-19 epidemic, the global life expectancy was reduced to 71 years in 2021 and the life expectancy in the least developed countries was seven years behind the global average. Since 1990, World Population Day has been celebrated on July 11 to raise awareness of issues related to population growth around the world.

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