Addressing the Indian Space Congress here, he said ISRO scientists have completed the design of the environmental control system, which will ensure living conditions for astronauts in the Crew Service Module while orbiting the Earth. At least 17 different tests are planned by ISRO before the unmanned space flight in December next year. Announcing the Gaganyaan Mission in his Independence Day address in 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi mentioned a tentative target to launch the campaign in 2022, 75 years after the country’s independence from colonial rule.
First space flight by the end of 2024
However, the mission was delayed due to the Covid pandemic and Indian astronauts are likely to launch their first space flight in late 2024 or early 2025. Umamaheswaran said the task of designing the crew module and environmental control system was challenging because the astronauts must feel comfortable even during the re-entry phase. When the temperature outside the space capsule can exceed 2000 degrees Celsius. “The Q module is complete where the astronauts sit and fly, and construction is underway,” Umamaheswaran said on the sidelines of an event organized by the Satcom Industry Association. Within six months, we will get the crew module.
Environmental control system is an important element of the project
Umamaheswaran said the environmental control system is an important element of the project as it provides environmental living conditions in the crew module. “We have to provide oxygen, remove carbon dioxide, remove moisture, maintain temperature,” he said. It should also be ensured that there is no risk of fire. It is very complex technology that no country will give us. The senior scientist said that it has been decided to develop the environmental control system indigenously.
We have the ability to design
Umamaheswaran said, “We have the capacity to design, so we are doing that and it is taking some time. “We have completed all the designs and now it’s time to prove that whatever is designed is safe enough,” he said, adding that four candidates have been “shortlisted” for space flight and that they are the first. He has completed his initial training in Russia. Umamaheswaran said the ‘shortlisted’ astronauts are currently undergoing further training at the Astronaut Training Facility in Bangalore.