First find out where the rupee came from
The word rupee comes from the Sanskrit word rupakam. It means silver coin. The word rupiah was first used by Sher Shah Suri. He ruled India from 1540 to 1545. The rupee used by Sher Shah Suri during his reign was a silver coin. It was also in use during the Mughal period, the Maratha Empire and the British period. The first paper notes in the country were issued by the Bank of Hindostan (1770–1832), the General Bank of Bengal and Bihar (1773–75) and the Bank of Bengal (1784–91).
10 thousand notes also came
The Reserve Bank was established in the country on 1 April 1935. In January 1938, the Reserve Bank issued the first five rupee note. In February-January, 1938, notes of Rs 10, Rs 100, Rs 1000 and Rs 10,000 were issued. The one rupee note was reintroduced in August 1940. It was first issued on November 30, 1917. After this two annas and eight annas were issued. On 1 January 1926, the one rupee note was demonetised. The two rupee note was introduced in March, 1943.
In 1957 one rupee was 100 paise
After independence, in the year 1950, coins were issued in denominations of one paise, 1.2 paise, one anna and two annas, 1.4, 1.2 and one rupee. In 1953 Hindi was given prominence in the new notes and in 1954 the rupee was pluralised. After this in 1954 larger notes of Rs 1,000, 5,000 and 10,000 were re-issued. In the year 1957, the rupee was divided into 100 new paise. In 1957-67, aluminum coins of one, two, three, five and ten paise were introduced.
Photo of Aryabhat satellite on two rupee note
Note size was reduced in 1967. 13 years later, in 1980, new notes with symbols were issued. Aryabhat Satellite on Rs.2 note, Oil well on Rs.1 note, Mechanized Farming on Rs.5 note, Peacock on Rs.10 note and Konark Chakra on Rs.20 note. The 500 rupee note was introduced in October 1987 due to a growing economy and reduced purchasing power. Stainless steel 10 paisa, 25 paisa and 50 paisa coins were introduced in 1988.
Notes from the Mahatma Gandhi series in 1996
In the year 1996, Mahatma Gandhi series notes ranging from Rs 10 to Rs 500 were introduced. These notes have replaced the Lion Capital Series notes. The new notes feature watermarks, window security thread, latent image and special features for the visually impaired.
Sun temple on 10 note
A photograph of the Sun Temple was printed on the 10 rupee note. The Konark Sun Temple is located in the Puri district of the Indian state of Odisha. This temple was included in the world heritage by UNESCO in the year 1984. This temple was built by Lord Krishna’s son Samba, which fell into disrepair over time. It was then repaired from time to time.
Karnataka’s Hampi came on a 50 note
You must have seen the image of Hampi’s chariot on the 50 note. The history of Hampi dates back to the reign of Emperor Ashoka. Presently Hampi is located in the state of Karnataka. Hampi used to be the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire in its heyday. UNESCO has designated Hampi as a World Heritage Site.
Rani Ki Bao on the 100 note
Rani Ki Bao’s image is printed on the new hundred note. This queen’s step is located in Patan, Gujarat. The staircase is called Bava in Gujarati, in memory of her husband Bhimdev I, by Queen Udayamati of the Solanki dynasty. Hence this ladder is called Rani Ki Bao. It has been included in the list of World Heritage by UNESCO in the year 2014.
Sanchi stupa on 200 note
The image of Sanchi Stupa is printed on the 200 note. Sanchi is a small village located in Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh state. It is also a Nagar Panchayat of Raisen District. There are many monuments of the Buddhist period in this village. These also include stupas. Being located in Sanchi, they are called Sanchi Stupas. These stupas were built by Emperor Ashoka the Great.
Red Fort on the 500 note
The new 500 rupee note has a picture of Delhi’s Red Fort. The Red Fort was built by the fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The walls of this fort are made of red stone and red sand, so it is called Red Fort due to its red color. In 2007 UNESCO gave it World Heritage status.
Mangalyaan is on the 2000 note
Mangalyaan’s image is printed on the reverse side of the new two thousand note and with Gandhiji on the front side of the Ashok Pillar. Mangalyaan Mission is an ambitious space project of the Indian Space Research Organization. With its arrival on Mars on 24 September 2014, India became the first country in the world to reach Mars and the fourth country in the world to succeed in its first attempt after Soviet Russia, NASA and the European Space Agency.