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HomeNEWSFive Biggest Mistakes Nehru Made on Kashmir... Law Minister Kiren Rijiju Enumerates...

Five Biggest Mistakes Nehru Made on Kashmir… Law Minister Kiren Rijiju Enumerates Each Mistake With Evidence

New Delhi: Jammu and Kashmir was merged with India on 27 October. On its 75th anniversary, the country’s Law Minister Kiren Rijiju has criticized the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s Kashmir policy. He has written an article enumerating five mistakes of Nehru. According to Rijiju Nehru, these five mistakes led to the Kashmir problem, which remained the backbone of the country for decades. He wrote at the beginning of his article, ‘We can see October 27 from two perspectives. First, as the 75th anniversary of Kashmir’s accession to India through the Instrument of Accession, which is also historically accurate. However, there is another perspective that seems more relevant and relevant than ever when seen in today’s context. October 27 is an important day in the series of biggest mistakes of Jawaharlal Nehru. He committed several mistakes before and after this date which became a headache for India for the next seven decades. Let’s know what big mistakes of Nehru on Kashmir did the Union Minister?

First mistake – described Kashmir as a special case

In the whole series of mistakes on Kashmir, Nehru’s first biggest mistake is reflected in his speech, in which he described Kashmir as a special case. Nehru says, “We advised both (Maharaja Hari Singh and the National Conference) that Kashmir was a special case and it would not be appropriate to take a hasty decision there.” But what did Nehru want? What could be better than their own answer? In his 1952 speech, he adds, ‘If the Maharaja and his government wanted to annex India, I would have expected something more from him. It is that people’s opinion should be taken there. However, there was no provision in the Indian Independence Act that public opinion should be taken before the accession of princely states to India. The ruler’s desire to join the Indian Union was sufficient. Other states did exactly the same.

Kashmir has been the center of Indian cultural consciousness since time immemorial. At the time of partition, the rulers of Kashmir wanted to join the rest of India without any conditions. It was none other than Nehru who rejected this union. And for what? Nehru made the move to publicly acknowledge Kashmir as he saw it as a ‘special case’. What was special about Kashmir in Nehru’s eyes, due to which it could not become a candidate for accession to India on its own and without any agreement? However, Nehru’s blunders were not limited to the betrayal of July 1947. Despite the bloodshed and violence of partition, Nehru was adamant about fulfilling his personal agenda before the annexation of Kashmir.

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The vacuum created by Nehru in Kashmir gave Pakistan an opportunity to intervene and finally Pakistani troops disguised as tribals invaded Kashmir on October 20, 1947. Still, Nehru did not budge. Pakistani invaders were advancing rapidly towards Kashmir. Maharaja Hari Singh then appealed to Nehru to merge Kashmir with India. But even then Nehru was making compromises to fulfill his personal agenda.

On the second day of the Pakistani invasion, on 21 October 1947, Nehru called the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, A.M.S. Mahajan through a letter advised that ‘on such an occasion it might be undesirable to announce the accession of Kashmir to India.’ But what was Nehru’s greatest wish that even the attack did not sway him from his agenda? In the same letter to MC Mahajan, he expresses his wish. Therefore, instead of talking here and there, we should follow Nehru’s words. He says, ‘I have suggested you to take immediate action like forming a provisional government. Sheikh Abdullah can be said to form a government that is naturally the most popular in Kashmir.

Those who forget history cannot write history. This is also the history of which the country is suffering till today. Jammu and Kashmir has been a big problem for us for 75 years. How many people were sacrificed because of that mistake. Efforts were also being made to correct that mistake. What I wrote (tweet) is written in history. Whatever Jawaharlal Nehru said in the Lok Sabha, he went to the United Nations on the (Kashmir issue), everything is documented. It needs to be placed before the people of the country.

Kiran Rijiju, Law Minister, Government of India

It was more important for Nehru to keep his friend Sheikh Abdullah in the government than to annex Kashmir to India. Nehru had made the same demand in July 1947 when Maharaja Hari Singh first approached Nehru about the proposal to join India. If Nehru had abandoned his personal agenda and thought about India First, then a compromise would have been reached and the whole chapter would have ended. But Nehru kept delaying the accession until the last moment when the Pakistani forces were moving towards the occupation of Gilgit, Baltistan and Muzaffarabad. They looted and rioted on the way and reached near Srinagar around 25-26 October 1947. Even then, when the Maharaja unilaterally signed the instrument of accession, Nehru was still apathetic.

In his speech in the Lok Sabha in 1952, Nehru discussed those days. He had said, ‘I remember that October 27 would be the date when, after a day’s meeting in the evening, we came to the conclusion that despite all the risks and dangers, we could no longer reject this demand.’ When Pakistani forces arrived at the threshold of Srinagar on October 26, 1947, Nehru was still concerned with his personal agenda, while the national interest was something else.
Finally, on 27 October 1947, the Instrument of Accession was accepted and Indian troops landed in Kashmir. Then the Pakistani attackers started hitting sixes. The entire history of Kashmir has been completely different. India could be merged in July 1947 only.

If the merger had happened on time, there would have been no attack from Pakistan, there would have been no Kashmir occupied by Pakistan, the matter would not have reached the United Nations, Pakistan would have no right to fight over Kashmir in the next decades. There is no jihadist terrorism and no mass exodus of Kashmiri Hindus in the 1990s. If Nehru had shown action till October 21, 1947, Pakistan-occupied Kashmir would not have existed today. But Nehru’s big mistakes did not end in October 1947.

The second mistake – the merger was declared temporary
Nehru’s second biggest mistake regarding Kashmir was to term the final annexation as temporary. Maharaja Hari Singh signed the document of accession like other princely states. All princely states except Kashmir were merged into India. Why? Because Nehru and not the Maharaja termed the merger as temporary. On October 26, Nehru M.C. Another letter to Mahajan said, “The Government of India will accept the annexation of Kashmir only in accordance with the declared policy and the declared policy is that such matters should be settled according to the will of the people. .”

After Nehru declared the merger to be provisional, a few events took place that seemed to make Kashmir stand out. There was also the perception that Kashmir’s accession was controversial and that there could be other options other than its permanent union with India. If not in July 1947, then on 27 October 1947, Nehru had an opportunity to settle the question of Kashmir’s accession once and for all. But Nehru’s major blunders opened a door through which seven decades of suspicion, separatist sentiments and bloodshed flowed.

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Third mistake – Mention of Article 35 instead of Article 51

Nehru’s third biggest mistake on Kashmir was knocking on the door of the United Nations on 1 January 1948 under Article 35 instead of Article 51. Article 51 would have been correct from the point of view of exposing Pakistan’s illegal occupation of India. The Maharaja signed only one instrument of accession and that was India’s. Nevertheless, Nehru unnecessarily made Pakistan a party by calling Kashmir a dispute between India and Pakistan. Since then, the UN proposals have been troubling India.

Fourth mistake – Allowing to create misconception about India

Nehru’s fourth biggest mistake on Kashmir was that a plebiscite was mandatory in Kashmir under UN resolutions, which India blocked. The United Nations Commission on India-Pakistan (UNCIP) resolution on August 13, 1948 laid down three conditions respectively. The first ceasefire. Second- Pakistan will have to withdraw all its troops and third- Referendum. The third condition can be discussed only if the first two conditions are fulfilled. On 1 June 1949, a cease-fire took place. But Pakistan refused to vacate the occupied territory. Therefore, on 23 December 1948, the United Nations Commission agreed with India’s stand that if the first and second conditions were not fulfilled, the third condition would necessarily cease. The Commission also confirmed this in its resolution dated 5 January 1949. Therefore, the commission itself admitted that by not accepting the second condition under its proposal, Pakistan closed the way for the referendum. Yet the sword of populism continued to hang over India. Why? Because Nehru himself opened its door!

Fifth Mistake – Creation of Article 370

Nehru’s fifth biggest mistake on Kashmir was certainly making Article 370 (Article 306A in the interim draft of the Constitution) permanent. Prima facie there was no justification for such an article as the Instrument of Accession was the same as the one signed by the other princely states. The special case was Nehru’s brainchild. In fact, Maulana Hasrat Mohani, the Muslim representative of the United Provinces, raised many questions in the debate of the Constituent Assembly. On October 17, 1949, Maulana Mohini specifically asked, ‘Why are you discriminating against this ruler?’ Nehru’s representative, who neither spoke to Nehru nor Sheikh Abdullah, N. Gopalaswami Iyengar had some answer to this question. Iyengar formulated Article 370 (earlier 306A). Nehru went his way and Article 370 came into existence and due to this separatist sentiments became institutionalized. Then separatist ideology fell in India’s neck.

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Seven decades have passed since those turbulent years. India has since borne the brunt of Nehru’s putting his family, friendships and personal agenda above national interests. The world got hold of the formula to push India towards decline. Pakistan has given part of its territory to China. Jihadi terrorism began in the 1980s. Kashmiri Hindus were driven from their native land and made refugees in their own country. Terrorism took away thousands of Indians. Soldiers from different parts of the country laid down their lives in the service of the motherland. However, something could have been different…

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We have lost seven decades and many generations of opportunities because of one man’s mistakes. However, seven decades later, on August 5, 2019, history took a new turn. India is the supreme and sole guiding principle in the new India being built by Prime Minister Narendra Modi since 1947. That is why Prime Minister Modi completely destroyed all the mistakes that were damaging India from inside and outside after 1947. Article 370 was abrogated, the Indian Constitution came into force throughout Jammu and Kashmir, justice was given to the people of Ladakh by making it a separate Union Territory and full integration was a priority to heal the wounds of the people. started .

(The writer Kiran Rijiju is Union Law Minister.)

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